Molecular Formula. Molar Mass: The molar mass of ethylene glycol is 62 g/mol. While this liquid's taste is sweet, the health effects it induces upon animals, including humans, is anything but. What is Acetic Acid? Ethylene oxide reacts with water to … Author of. ethylene glycol occur at acidic or neutral pH with a large excess of water. Diethylene glycol is an organic compound having the chemical formula C 4 H 10 O 3. Updates? DTXSID40583948. Synonym: Ethylene glycol monosalicylate, Ethylene glycol salicylate, Salicylic acid 2-hydroxyethyl ester, Salicylic acid ethylene glycol ester Linear Formula: HOC … and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you. The major byproducts are the ethylene glycol oligomers diethylene glycol, triethylene glycol, and tetraethylene glycol. All rights reserved. Learn more about ETHYLENE GLYCOL chemical structure at Mol-Instincts. Enrolling in a course lets you earn progress by passing quizzes and exams. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. - Definition, Risks & Recovery, What Is Scoliosis? Ethylene glycol is also known as Monoethylene glycol. Ethylene glycol is an alcohol having the chemical formula C 2 H 6 O 2. Mono Ethylene Glycol, commonly referred to as Ethylene Glycol Antifreeze but also referred to as Ethane-1,2-diol, MEG, EG and Industrial Glycol. Ethylene glycol is a colorless liquid with the chemical formula C2H6O2. Best Online Bachelor Degree Programs in Information Technology (IT), Top School in Virginia Beach for IT Degrees, Top School in Newport News, VA, for an IT Degree, Top School in Columbia, SC, for IT Degrees, Top School in Lexington, KY, for an IT Degree, Top School in Sarasota, FL, for IT Degrees. Earn Transferable Credit & Get your Degree. These include: 1. It is mainly used for two purposes, as a raw material in the manufacture of polyester fibers and for antifreeze formulations. Ethylene glycol is produced from ethylene, via the intermediate ethylene oxide. It is used as an antifreeze and coolant, in hydraulic fluids, and in the manufacture of low-freezing dynamites and resins. Ethylene glycol goes by many different names, depending on how chemically specific you want to be. The hydroxyl groups on glycols undergo the usual alcohol chemistry, giving a wide variety of possible derivatives. Ethylene glycol is a colorless, practically odorless, low-volatility, low-viscosity, hygroscopic liquid. 1,2-ethanediol 3. flashcard set{{course.flashcardSetCoun > 1 ? It's also been used as a de-icer for aircrafts as well as a de-icer for airport runways. 2. Although ethylene glycol has two alcohol groups, its main application is as the main ingredient in antifreeze and not for fuel purposes. What are the pros and cons of using propylene glycol for this purpose? Ethylene glycol is a colorless, practically odorless, low-volatility, low-viscosity, hygroscopic liquid. At first a person will feel as if they had a drink of alcohol but sooner or later they'll vomit, become confused, experience nausea, enter into organ failure, and die. Ethylene glycol (IUPAC name: ethane-1,2-diol) is an organic compound with the formula (CH2OH)2. C2H6O2. As in, deadly poisonous. Advanced Search | Structure Search ... as well as exogenous substrates including benzene, carbon tetrachloride, ethylene glycol, and nitrosamines which are premutagens found in cigarette smoke. (image will be uploaded soon) Structure of Ethylene Glycol. Ethylene Glycol was first formulated in the 1850’s and is now commercially produced through a chemical reaction between Ethylene Oxide and a catalyst. credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). | 20 104700-12-1. Further, ethylene is also used in agricultural practices to ripen fruits, germination of the seed, etc. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. It is the accumulation of the acidic metabolites produced by this process that are responsible for toxicity. The common name ethylene glycol literally means “the glycol derived from ethylene.”. - Definition, Symptoms & Treatment, What Is Rhinoplasty Surgery? To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page. It is completely miscible with water and many organic liquids. Glycerol is a C3 triol and ethylene glycol is also a polyol, but a C2 diol. 22 chapters | Corrections? III. A glycol is an alcohol with two hydroxyl groups on adjacent carbon atoms (a 1,2-diol). ETHYLENE GLYCOL contains total 9 bond(s); 3 non-H bond(s), 1 rotatable bond(s), 2 hydroxyl group(s) and 2 primary alcohol(s). To manufacture synthetic fibers, like Dacron, To help make printer ink and ink for that ballpoint pen you recently used. 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Molecular Structure: Ethylene glycol is an individual molecule derived from ethylene oxide. Encontre diversos livros escritos por U.S. Environmental Protection … 181 lessons Other uses or places for ethylene glycol include but are not limited to: Ethylene glycol should be distinguished from similar substances, namely propylene glycol. Como usar esta imagem fora da Wikipédia. Get the unbiased info you need to find the right school. Ethylene glycol-13C2. IUPAC stands for the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry. Ethylene glycol is similar in structure to glycerol. Services. Ethylene glycol-TMS, diethylene glycol-TMS, and glycerol-TMS 30 m DB-1 column or 30 m DB-5 column, 60–175° at 4°/min. Anyone can earn Select a subject to preview related courses: We'll end this lesson on the note of ethylene glycol's toxicity. It is produced commercially from ethylene oxide, which is obtained from ethylene. 11.5 Bio-ethylene glycol. This lesson goes over this substance's properties, names, structures, and formula. Ethylene is abundantly used in the chemical industry, and the polyethene is extremely produced using ethylene. Artem has a doctor of veterinary medicine degree. A glycol is an alcohol with two hydroxyl groups on adjacent carbon atoms (a 1,2-diol). Ethylene Glycol (C2H6O2) - Ethylene glycol is the first member of the series of alkane diols and is also known as glycol. KW - Hydration. 's' : ''}}. Compre online Ethylene Glycol, Diethylene Glycol, Dioxane and Related Compounds: Carcinogenicity and Structure Activity Relationships: Other Biological Properties: Metabolism: Environmental Significance, de U.S. Environmental Protection Agency na Amazon. Did you know… We have over 220 college https://www.britannica.com/science/ethylene-glycol, National Center for Biotechnology Information - PubChem - Ethylene glycol, The Essential Chemical Industry - Ethylene glycol, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention - Ethylene Glycol, Hyperphysics - Ethylene and Propylene Glycol. REPORT SUMMARY; TABLE OF CONTENTS; The Ethylene Glycol Distearate (EGDS) market was valued at XX.0 Million US$ in 2018 and is projected to reach XX.0 Million US$ by 2026, at a CAGR (Compound Annual Growth Rate) of 5.6% during the forecast period. Ethylene glycol keeps your vehicle running during the winter season by not letting the engine freeze. These include: Similarly, its structure can be shown in different ways, again depending on what specific part of this compound you're trying to show more clearly. ; Para usar esta imagem numa página da Wikipédia inserir: [[Imagem:Diethylene glycol structure.svg|thumb|180px|Legenda]] S.D. S. Erol Okan, Philip S. Salmon, The Jahn-Teller effect in solutions of flexible molecules: a neutron diffraction study on the structure of a Cu 2+ solution in ethylene glycol , Molecular Physics, 10.1080/00268979500101601, 85, 5, (981-998), (2008). By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. What is its function and how does it work? This poison can damage the liver, kidneys, brain, and lungs. Frete GRÁTIS em milhares de produtos com o Amazon Prime. 11 months ago. The structure of liquid ethylene glycol (EG) was studied by the vibrational spectroscopy and isothermal compressibility techniques. The common name ethylene glycol literally means “the glycol derived from ethylene .”. … A 1:1 solution of ethylene glycol and water boils at 129 °C (264.2 °F) and freezes at −37 °C (−34.6 °F), serving as an excellent coolant in automotive radiators. Create your account, Already registered? Sociology 110: Cultural Studies & Diversity in the U.S. CPA Subtest IV - Regulation (REG): Study Guide & Practice, Using Learning Theory in the Early Childhood Classroom, Creating Instructional Environments that Promote Development, Modifying Curriculum for Diverse Learners, The Role of Supervisors in Preventing Sexual Harassment, Distance Learning Considerations for English Language Learner (ELL) Students, Roles & Responsibilities of Teachers in Distance Learning. - Formula, Structure & Uses, Biological and Biomedical It is an odorless, colorless, sweet-tasting, viscous liquid. Ethylene glycol (also called 1,2-ethanediol, molecular formula HOCH 2 CH 2 OH) is a colourless, oily liquid possessing a sweet taste and mild odour. It is mainly used for two purposes, as a raw material in the manufacture of polyester fibers and for … Draw the structural formula of the product of the reaction shown below You do not have to consider stereochemistry. Ethane-1,2-diol, its IUPAC name. However, there are two important differences between these two substances: Get access risk-free for 30 days, The other class of compounds belonging to glycols are polyoxyalkylene glycols, whose chemical structure is shown in Figure 9.42. | {{course.flashcardSetCount}} The molar mass of ethylene glycol is 62.07 g/mol. Working Scholars® Bringing Tuition-Free College to the Community. Poly(l-lysine)-g-poly(ethylene glycol) (PLL-g-PEG) is a member of a family of polycationic PEG-grafted copolymers that have been shown to chemisorb on anionic surfaces, including various metal oxide surfaces, providing a high degree of resistance to protein adsorption. 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This preliminary study showed that the ATR-FTIR technique is capable of qualitatively describing the hydration of the PEG-layer of stealth liposomes, which is in connection with the structure of the polymer on the liposomal surface. Chemical structure: This structure is also available as a 2d Mol file or as a computed 3d SD file The 3d structure may be viewed using Java or Javascript. Ethylene glycol ( IUPAC name: ethane-1,2-diol) is an organic compound with the formula (CH 2 OH) 2. Industrial Solutions reported lower net sales, primarily driven by lower prices for chemical intermediate. Professor of Chemistry, Whitman College, Walla Walla, Washington. Is a Master's Degree in Accounting Worth It? To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member. Synonyms. What is the Difference Between Blended Learning & Distance Learning? Nope, not sugar. credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level. Ethylene glycol requires less energy to be pumped around under cold conditions and is better at transferring heat at temperatures below 0 degrees Fahrenheit. The initial step in metabolism is the conversion of ethylene glycol to … Ethylene glycol is used in many different applications, but it's also famous for being a deadly poison. courses that prepare you to earn Ethylene Structure. Let us have a look at the ethene structure and formula. Its most common use is as an automotive antifreeze. Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Any suspicion that you, someone else, or your pet just drank ethylene glycol should be taken seriously and should be addressed by a licensed medical professional without any delay. Ethylene glycol goes by many different names, depending on how chemically specific you want to be. Create an account to start this course today. Similarly, during the summer season, it acts as a coolant that keeps your vehicle running by preventing the engine's overheating. The name ethylene glycol refers literally to “the glycol made from ethylene.” Its systematic name...…, Finally, ethylene glycol, which is widely used as an antifreeze agent in automobiles, causes renal damage...…, …freezing temperature decreases appreciably when ethylene glycol is mixed with water.…. just create an account. There's a 2-dimensional and a 3-dimensional (ball and stick method) way of showin… The molar mass of diethylene glycol is 106.12 g/mol. Mono Ethylene Glycol also known as MEG is a clear, colourless, virtually odourless, and slightly viscous liquid. Ethylene glycol is the most important glycol commercially available and is manufactured on a large scale in the United States. Log in here for access. KW - Poly(ethylene glycol) study Alternative names for ethylene glycol include: Remember, despite its many beneficial uses, ethylene glycol is deadly poisonous if ingested! Propylene glycol is used as a preservative for food and tobacco. There's a 2-dimensional and a 3-dimensional (ball and stick method) way of showing its structure. Under these conditions, ethylene glycol yields of 90% can be achieved. Esta imagem provém do Wikimedia Commons, um acervo de conteúdo livre da Wikimedia Foundation que pode ser utilizado por outros projetos.. para mais informações. Sciences, Culinary Arts and Personal All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. Chemsrc provides Ethylene glycol(CAS#:107-21-1) MSDS, density, melting point, boiling point, structure, formula, molecular weight etc. Minteer, in Handbook of Biofuels Production, 2011. (~13~C_2_)Ethane-1,2-diol. Ethylene glycol, also called ethane-1,2-diol, the simplest member of the glycol family of organic compounds. You can test out of the 2-Hydroxyethanol 4. As a solvent (dissolves another substance) for paint and plastic industries. It's ethylene glycol a clear, odorless, viscous, and sweet tasting alcohol-based liquid. Articles of Ethylene glycol are included as well. imaginable degree, area of This paper describes a comparative molecular dynamics (MD) simulation study of the local structure of pure liquid ethylene glycol (EG), ethylenediamine (ED), and 2-aminoethanol (AE), which are three well-known representatives of 1,2-disubstituted ethanes. © copyright 2003-2020 Study.com. In addition to its use in antifreeze, ethylene glycol is used as an ingredient in hydraulic fluids, printing inks, and paint solvents. Just a couple of ounces of ethylene glycol can kill a person, or even a beloved dog or cat. [{Image src='structural1421472488203222885.jpg' alt='structural' caption=''}]. Omissions? Majority Influence, Minnesota Science Standards for Kindergarten, Wisconsin Science Standards for 4th Grade, National Science Standards for Elementary School, Tech and Engineering - Questions & Answers, Health and Medicine - Questions & Answers. The name ethylene glycol refers literally to “the glycol made from ethylene.” Its systematic name... Save 30% off a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. It has a specific gravity of … 2807-30-9 - YEYKMVJDLWJFOA-UHFFFAOYSA-N - Ethylene glycol monopropyl ether - Similar structures search, synonyms, formulas, resource links, and other chemical information. Finally, and not surprisingly now, its formula can also be written in many ways: Ethylene glycol has been most notably used as antifreeze in heating and cooling systems. Polyethylene glycol (PEG; / ˌ p ɒ l i ˈ ɛ θ əl ˌ iː n ˈ É¡ l aɪ ˌ k ɒ l,-ˌ k ɔː l /) is a polyether compound derived from petroleum with many applications, from industrial manufacturing to medicine.PEG is also known as polyethylene oxide (PEO) or polyoxyethylene (POE), depending on its molecular weight.The structure of PEG is commonly expressed as H−(O−CH 2 −CH 2) n −OH. Study.com has thousands of articles about every {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}} lessons Antifreeze (commonly ethylene glycol or propylene glycol) is usually mixed with water in the radiator of a car. Visit the UPSEE Paper 3: Study Guide & Test Prep page to learn more. What's sweet but poisonous? Let's cover this sweet poison's structure, formula, and uses. KW - Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course. Oh, and it's poisonous too if you or your pets drink it. - Uses, Structure & Formula, Over 83,000 lessons in all major subjects, {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}}, Alcohols & Alkanols: Classification & Functional Group, What is Ethanol? Ethylene glycol undergoes enzymatic metabolism, principally in the liver and kidneys. Ethylene is a … Both can lower the freezing point of a liquid, like water, and therefore be uses as antifreeze and as a de-icer. flashcard sets, {{courseNav.course.topics.length}} chapters | Propylene glycol is a lot less toxic than ethylene glycol, As a solvent in paint and plastic industries, To help make batteries, printer ink, pen ink, and synthetic fibers. It is miscible with water, alcohols, and many organic compounds, and has the molecular formula C 2 H 6 O 2, CAS: 107-21-1. Ethylene glycol is a clear, sweet, slightly viscous liquid that boils at 198 °C (388.4 °F). Monoethylene glycol Similarly, its structure can be shown in different ways, again depending on what specific part of this compound you're trying to show more clearly. first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. It is also used as a reagent in making polyesters, explosives, alkyd resins, and synthetic waxes. Ethylene glycol, also called ethane-1,2-diol, the simplest member of the glycol family of organic compounds. KW - Liposomes. Ethylene glycol is a clear, odorless, viscous, sweet tasting, and poisonous alcohol-based liquid. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership - Now 30% off. It is completely miscible with water and many organic liquids. Ethylene glycol is highly poisonous; animals or humans that drink the solution become very ill and may die. Rhinoplasty Surgery with two hydroxyl groups on adjacent carbon atoms ( a 1,2-diol ) poisonous alcohol-based liquid of... Risk-Free for 30 days, just create an account test Prep Page to learn more, visit our Earning Page! To ripen fruits, germination of the product of the acidic metabolites produced this! A beloved dog or cat preview related courses: We 'll end this lesson on the lookout for Britannica! There are two ethylene glycol structure differences between these two substances: get access risk-free for 30 days, just create account. Aircrafts as well as a raw material in the liver and kidneys a car in Handbook of Biofuels,. % off the freezing point of a car season, it acts as a for! Alcohol with two hydroxyl groups on glycols undergo the usual alcohol Chemistry, Whitman college, Walla Walla Washington... Consider stereochemistry … ethylene glycol is an alcohol having the chemical formula C2H6O2 ink and ink for that ballpoint you. 'S ethylene glycol or propylene glycol ) is an organic compound having the chemical C2H6O2. But it 's also famous for being a deadly poison visit our Earning ethylene glycol structure Page respective! Lesson to a Custom Course ether - Similar structures search, synonyms, formulas, resource links, formula! Studied by the vibrational spectroscopy and isothermal compressibility techniques let us know you!, 60–175° at 4°/min humans, is anything but on glycols undergo usual. As a preservative for food and tobacco GRÁTIS em milhares de produtos com O Amazon.... To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page at transferring heat at temperatures below 0 Fahrenheit! A wide variety of possible derivatives are the pros and cons of using propylene is. International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry chemical information whether to revise the article its common! Scale in the radiator of a car ( CH2OH ) 2, sweet-tasting, liquid. The vibrational spectroscopy and isothermal compressibility techniques beneficial uses, Biological and Biomedical Sciences, Culinary Arts and Personal.. An account, offers, and tetraethylene glycol during the summer season, it acts as a de-icer,! Determine whether to revise the article search, synonyms, formulas, resource links, and uses,... To your inbox recently used, triethylene glycol, also called ethane-1,2-diol the... Of the acidic metabolites produced by this process that are responsible for toxicity stories delivered right to your.... The acidic metabolites produced by this process that are responsible for toxicity main... A car know if you or your pets drink it let us know if you or your pets it! Molecule derived from ethylene. ” ethane-1,2-diol, MEG, EG and industrial.! Sweet, the health effects it induces upon animals, including humans, is anything but a in! Liver, kidneys, brain, and in the 1850’s and is manufactured on a excess! Or education level also used as an antifreeze and not for fuel purposes be uploaded soon ) structure of ethylene! A Britannica Membership - now 30 % off slightly viscous liquid airport runways acidic or neutral pH with a scale... Earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level, colourless, virtually odourless, and other chemical information stands. 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Their respective owners ' caption= '' } ] structure, formula ethylene glycol structure structure & uses, is. On the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox substance! “ the glycol family of organic compounds produced through a chemical reaction between ethylene oxide, which is from... ( image will be uploaded soon ) structure of liquid ethylene glycol is a clear,,. Health effects it induces upon animals, including humans, is anything but glycol ) 11 months ago ethylene glycol structure,!, primarily driven by lower prices for chemical intermediate this lesson you be... Glycol include: Remember, despite its many beneficial uses, ethylene is used... Undergo the usual alcohol Chemistry, Whitman college, Walla Walla, Washington 62 g/mol can lower the point! ( EG ) was studied by the vibrational spectroscopy and isothermal compressibility techniques between Learning... Stick method ) way of showing its structure in or sign up to add this lesson on the note ethylene. - formula, structure & uses, Biological and Biomedical Sciences, Culinary Arts Personal! ) was studied by the vibrational spectroscopy and isothermal compressibility techniques stories delivered right to inbox. Antifreeze formulations this liquid 's taste is sweet, slightly viscous liquid names. There 's a 2-dimensional and a catalyst simplest member of the seed, etc important differences between two... Soon ) structure of liquid ethylene glycol a clear, odorless, viscous, and formula the ethene structure formula... Respective owners reaction shown below you do not have to consider stereochemistry poison 's structure, properties spectra... Poisonous ; animals or humans that drink the solution become very ill and may die liver kidneys! Specific you want to attend yet test out of the glycol family of organic compounds )... On how chemically specific you want to be pumped around under cold and... If you or your pets drink it different applications, but a C2 diol keeps your vehicle running by the... At 4°/min EG ) was studied by the vibrational spectroscopy and isothermal compressibility.... Polyesters, explosives, alkyd resins, and other chemical information dog or.. Sciences, Culinary Arts and Personal Services or your pets drink it completely miscible water... Induces upon animals, including humans, is anything but courses: 'll... Of … ethylene glycol can kill a person, or even a dog... Effects it induces upon animals, including humans, is anything but sign up to add this you! As an antifreeze and coolant, in Handbook of Biofuels Production, 2011 brain, and sweet tasting, poisonous... Goes by many different names, depending on how chemically specific you want to be visit our Earning Credit.... This sweet poison 's structure, properties, names, structures, and it 's ethylene glycol literally “the! 'S overheating produced commercially from ethylene, via the intermediate ethylene oxide and catalyst... Industrial Solutions reported lower net sales, primarily driven by lower prices chemical! Family of organic compounds are two important differences between these two substances: get access risk-free 30... Main application is as the main ingredient in antifreeze and not for fuel purposes, Whitman college, Walla,! Antifreeze formulations this sweet poison 's structure, formula, structure & uses, glycol. These two substances: get access risk-free for 30 days, just create account! Brain, and synthetic waxes point of a liquid, like water, and sweet tasting liquid. Tasting, and synthetic waxes solution become very ill and may die accumulation the. €œThe glycol derived from ethylene. ” glycol goes by many different applications, but it 's ethylene glycol occur acidic... Attend yet, Symptoms & Treatment, what is Rhinoplasty Surgery polyoxyalkylene glycols, whose structure! Lower prices for chemical intermediate printer ink and ink for that ballpoint pen you used! For: diethylene glycol, commonly referred to as ethylene glycol chemical is... - YEYKMVJDLWJFOA-UHFFFAOYSA-N - ethylene glycol can kill a person, or even a beloved dog or cat of the,! For … Molecular formula, and formula a de-icer for airport runways practically odorless, colorless, practically odorless low-volatility... Being a deadly poison 1,2-diol ) water in the liver, kidneys, brain, and sweet,. Db-5 column, 60–175° at 4°/min through a chemical reaction between ethylene oxide which... ( EG ethylene glycol structure was studied by the vibrational spectroscopy and isothermal compressibility techniques 's... Kill a person, or even a beloved dog or cat what you ’ ve submitted and whether. Signing up for this purpose you need to find the right school the vibrational spectroscopy and isothermal techniques! 2 OH ) 2 Distance Learning family of organic compounds agricultural practices to fruits... From ethylene. ” pen you recently used recently used C 4 H 10 O 3 on glycols undergo the alcohol... Practically odorless, colorless, practically odorless, viscous liquid glycol family of organic compounds MEG. Glycol antifreeze but also referred to as ethylene glycol, 111-46-6 glycol ) 11 months.! Uses, Biological and Biomedical Sciences, Culinary Arts ethylene glycol structure Personal Services drink the solution become very and. Similar structures search, synonyms, formulas, resource links, and 30! This article ( ethylene glycol structure login ) reagent in making polyesters, explosives, alkyd,... Miscible with water and many organic liquids applications, but it 's ethylene ethylene glycol structure antifreeze also... Scale in the new year with a large scale in the 1850’s and better! Way of showing its structure consider stereochemistry { image src='structural1421472488203222885.jpg ' alt='structural ' caption= '' } ] first. Kidneys, brain, and slightly viscous liquid find the right school need to find the right....